نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه مهندسی برق- واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

این مقاله یک مدیریت انرژی و بار با استفاده از یک استراتژی سناریو محور را برای ارزیابی عملکرد و برنامه‌ریزی هاب و با در نظرگیری عوامل نامعینی (قیمت الکتریسیته و توان توربین بادی) ارائه نموده است. سیستم جذب و ذخیره‌سازی کربن و نیز برنامه پاسخ­گویی بار، به‌طور ویژه برنامه زمان استفاده مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. فناوری جذب کربن افزون بر حل مسئله آلودگی واحدهای تولیدی از یکسو، درآمد قابل ‌توجه را نیز برای سیستم‌های قدرت از سویی دیگر به ارمغان می‌آورد. همچنین برنامه‌های پاسخ­گویی بار به بهبود پروفیل بار و کاهش هزینه‌ها و آلودگی هاب، افزایش قابلیت اطمینان و کیفیت توان کمک شایانی می‌نمایند. هاب پیشنهادی در برگیرنده ادوات تولیدی تجدیدپذیر و تجدیدناپذیر، تبدیلی و ذخیره­کننده‌های گوناگون است، همچنین برنامه‌ریزی‌هایی مانند نوع قطعی و مقاوم در نظر گرفته ‌شده است. هاب مفروض در قسمت ورودی و خروجی از حامل‌های گوناگون انرژی شامل الکتریسیته، حرارت، سرما، گاز طبیعی و آب پشتیبانی می‌کند. مسئله به‌صورت یک برنامه‌ریزی خطی عدد صحیح مدل شده و به‌وسیله سالور سیپلکس در نرم‌افزار گمز حل گردیده است. در ادامه، از روش اپسیلون و تکنیک رضایت‌بخشی فازی جهت انتخاب راه‌حل بهینه استفاده ‌شده است. نتایج نهایی نشان می­دهد که هزینه و آلودگی کلی در نمونه مقاوم به­ترتیب به‌اندازه 9/1 درصد و 3/12 درصد بیشتر از نمونه قطعی است، همچنین برنامه پاسخ­گویی بار و فناوری جذب کربن تأثیر چشم­گیری بر روی تابع­های هدف دارند. همچنین منحنی بار مسطح گردیده و سود خوبی با استفاده از فناوری جذب کربن برای هاب پیشنهادی به‌دست‌ آمده است.

تازه های تحقیق

- ارزیابی مدل اقتصادی-زیست‌محیطی با مشارکت برنامه پاسخ­گویی بار و منابع مختلف تجدیدپذیر و تجدیدناپذیر

- در نظرگیری پارامترهای نامعینی به‌منظور جامع و کامل بودن برنامه­ریزی مفروض

- استفاده از روش محدودیت قیود اپسیلون و رضایت بخشی فازی به‌عنوان روشی قدرتمند در حل مسائل چندهدفه

- اجرای برنامه‌ریزی قطعی و مقاوم در کنار سیستم جذب کربن و برنامه پاسخ‌گویی بار

- تأثیر چشمگیر فنّاوری جذب و جداسازی کربن و نیز برنامه پاسخ­گویی بار بر توابع هدف موردمطالعه

- تأثیر سازنده و مؤثر برنامه‌ریزی­های مفروض در جلوگیری از انتشار آلودگی و رفتن به سمت اقتصاد سبز جهانی

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Dual-Objectives Energy and Load Management for an Energy Hub by Considering Diverse Plannings and in the Presence of CCUS Technology and the TOU Program

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fardin Niazvand
  • Saeed Kharrati
  • Farshad Khosravi
  • Abdollah Rastgou

Department of Electrical Engineering- Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

چکیده [English]

This paper presents energy and load management by using a scenario-based assessment strategy for the optimal scheduling of a proposed hub by considering uncertain parameters (electricity price and wind turbine output power). Carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS) technology and demand response programs (DRP), especially the time of use (TOU) program are investigated. Carbon technology helps to overcome pollution issues, on the one hand, and earn revenue for the power system, on the other hand. Also, the demand response programs help to reduce costs and pollution, make the load curve flatter, increase the reliability and power quality of the network. The proposed energy hub consists of various renewable and non-renewable distributed energy resources, as well different planning horizons, include deterministic and robust ones. The presented hub consists of diverse energy sectors like electricity, heat, cooling, gas, and water at the input and output sections. The problem is then modeled as a MILP and solved using the CPLEX solver in GAMS software. Epsilon constraint method with the fuzzy satisfying approach is used to obtain and select the best solution. The final results show that the cost and the pollution in the robust planning experience the increment by about 12.3% and 1.9% respectively in comparison to deterministic, as well, demand response programs and CCUS technology are had a significant impact on the objective functions. In addition, the load curve has become flatter and the reward by using a carbon system is obtained for the hub.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Carbon capture storage systems
  • Distributed Energy Resources
  • Demand Response Programs
  • Hub energy management
  • Load control
  • Multi-objective planning
  • Deterministic-robust planning

Citation: F. Niazvand, S. Kharrati, F. Khosravi, A. Rastgou, "Dual-objectives energy and load management for an energy hub by considering diverse plannings and in the presence of CCUS technology and the TOU program", Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology, vol. 14, no. 54, pp. 31-58, September 2023 (in Persian).

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