یک روش مسیریابی جهت ردیابی هدف متحرک با رویکرد کاهش انرژی مصرفی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده مهندسی برق- واحد نجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران

2 دانشکده فنی و مهندسی- واحد تیران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تیران، اصفهان، ایران

3 دانشکده مهندسی برق- واحد نجف آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف آباد، ایران

چکیده

امروزه شبکه حسگر بی­سیم در زمینه­های فراوان و متنوعی کاربرد دارد. از جمله این کاربردها استفاده از این مدل شبکه با تعداد زیادی از گره‌‌های حسگر در زمینه ردیابی هدف مانند ردیابی دشمنان در جنگ و نظارت بر زیستگاه­های حیات وحش است. ایده اصلی در بحث ردیابی هدف این است که اطلاعاتی مانند مکان، سرعت و جهت حرکت هدف در هر لحظه در دسترس باشد. از آنجایی که گره‌‌های حسگر در این مدل شبکه دارای محدودیت شدید مصرف انرژی بوده و قابلیت شارژ مجدد را ندارند، در این مقاله یک الگوریتم کارآمد ردیابی به منظور کاهش مصرف انرژی ضمن حفظ کیفیت ردیابی هدف، به نام EAASA، ارائه شده است. نتایج حاصل از شبیه­سازی این الگوریتم در شبیه­ساز NS2 با روش ردیابی هدف مبتنی بر خوشه­بندی AASA (الگوریتم فعال­سازی حسگر تطبیقی مبتنی بر حراج) مقایسه شده و نشان می­دهد که الگوریتم پیشنهادی می­تواند با حفظ کیفیت ردیابی به صورت چشم­گیری مصرف انرژی را کاهش دهد. این امر باعث افزایش طول عمر شبکه و کاهش نرخ از دست رفتن هدف ­شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Routing Method for Tracking a Moving Target with a Reduced Energy Consumption Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Hasanhoseini 1
  • Farhad Mesrinejad 2
  • Homayoun Mahdavi-Nasab 3
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Tiran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tiran, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, the wireless sensor network (WSN) is used in many different fields and applications. Enemy tracking and wildlife habitats monitoring are the examples of target tracking by using of large number of sensor nodes. The main idea in this area is to find some usable target information such as location, speed and movement direction of the target because they must be available any time. By the way, the sensor nodes in sensor network model have a severe energy limit and cannot be recharged simply. In this paper, an efficient algorithm abbreviated EAASA is presented in order to reduce energy consumption while maintaining the quality of target tracking. The simulation results are compared to the AASA (cluster-based target tracking algorithm) algorithm and show that the proposed algorithm has been able to reduce energy consumption significantly while maintaining tracking quality. This method has increased the life time of the network and reduced the rate of loss of the target.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • sensor networks
  • target tracking
  • Energy efficient
  • Auction mechanism
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