هماهنگی تطبیقی فیوز و ریکلوزر در سیستمهای توزیع با ضریب نفوذ بالای منابع فتوولتاییک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، مرکز تحقیقات ریز شبکه های هوشمند، واحد نجف آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف آباد، ایران

2 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات ریز شبکه های هوشمند، واحد نجف آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف آباد، ایران

چکیده

استفاده از تولیدات پراکنده فتوولتاییک در سیستم توزیع باعث بهبود پروفایل ولتاژ شبکه، بهبود کیفیت توان و ... می‌گردد. اما از طرف باعث ایجاد عدم هماهنگی حفاظتی بین فیوز و ریکلوزر می‌شود. در این مقاله یک روش تطبیقی به منظور حفظ هماهنگی فیوز - ریکلوزر ارائه شده است. این روش بر اساس اصلاح تطبیقی منحنی عملکرد سریع ریکلوزر متناسب با نسبت حداکثر خطای عبوری از فیوز شاخه خطا به ریکلوزر ابتدای خط می‌باشد. به کمک روش ارائه شده در لحظه وقوع خطا متناسب با ضریب نفوذ منابع فتوولتاییک، شاخص هماهنگی زمانی تعیین می‌گردد و سپس بر اساس این شاخص، ضریب تنظیم زمانی عملکرد سریع ریکلوزر به صورت تطبیقی اصلاح می‌شود و در نهایت زمان جدید زمان قطع ریکلوزر به منظور حفظ فیوز در این شرایط محاسبه می گردد. نتایج شبیه‌سازی بیانگر توانایی روش ارائه شده پیشنهادی در سناریو‌های متفاوت خطا، تغییرات ضریب نفوذ منابع فتوولتاییک و مقاومت‌های خطای متفاوت می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Adaptive Coordination of Fuse – Recloser in a Distribution System with High PV Penetration

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzad Hajimohammadi 1
  • Bahador Fani 2
1 MSc - Department of Electrical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
2 Assistant Professor - Department of Electrical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Employment of photovoltaic (PV) distributed Generation in the distribution system, leads to improvement of network voltage profile and power quality. On the other hand, it cause miscoordination between fuses and recloser. In this paper an adaptive method is presented to maintain coordination between fuse and recloser. This method is based on a modification of fast operation curve of recloser, proportional to the lateral fuse maximum fault current to recloser current which is located at the beginning of the feeder. Simulation results show the performance of the proposed methods for different fault scenarios, variation of PV penetration and different fault resistance. Based on the presented method, proportional to PVs penetration the protection coordination index (PCI) determined in fault period. Then, according to this index, time dial setting (TDS) of recloser fast operation modified adaptively. Finally, new recloser trip time calculated in this conditions for fuse saving. Simulation results show the performance of the proposed methods for different fault scenarios, variation of PV penetration and different fault resistance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Distribution system
  • Adaptive coordination of fuse – recloser
  • photovoltaic resource
[1] N. Nimpitiwan, G. Heydt, R. Ayyanar, S. Suryanarayana, “Fault current contribution from synchronous machine and inverter based distributed generators”, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 634–641, Jan. 2007.

[2] I. Zangiabadi, A. Etesami, “Power management of a wind energy conversion system equipped by DFIG”,  Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology, Vol. 7, No. 26, pp. 23-34, Sep. 2015.

[3] A. Abdel-Khalik, A. Elserougi, A. Massoud, S. Ahmed, “Fault current contribution of medium voltage inverter and doubly-fed induction-machine-based flywheel energy storage system”, IEEE Trans. on Sustainable Energy, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 58-67, Jan. 2013.

[4] S. Shojaeean, H. Akrami, “Coordination between wind power, hydro storage facility and conventional generating units according to the annual growth load”, Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology, Vol. 4, No. 14, pp. 31-40, June 2013.

[5] M.A. Zamani, T. S. Sidhu, A. Yazdani, “A protection strategy and microprocessor-based relay for low-voltage microgrids”, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 1873–1883, Jul. 2011.

[6] B. Kroposki, C. Pink, R. DeBlasio, H. Thomas, M. Simões, P.K. Sen, “Benefits of power electronic interfaces for distributed energy systems”, IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 901-908, Aug. 2010.

[7] Y. Han, X. Hu, D. Zhang, “Study of adaptive fault current algorithm for microgrid dominated by inverter based distributed generators”, Proceeding of the IEEE/PEDG, pp. 852–854, Jun. 16–18, Hefei, China, China, June 2010.

[8] P.H. Shah, B.R. Bhalja, “New adaptive digital  relaying scheme to tackle recloser-fuse miscoordination during distributed generation interconnections”, IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Vol. 8, No. 4, April 2014.

[9] T.E. McDermott,, R.C. Dugen, “Distributed generation impact on reliability and power quality indices”, Proceeding of the IEEE/REPCON, Colorado Springs, CO, USA, May 2002.

[10] Y. Lu, L. Hua, J.Wu, G.Wu, G. Xu,“A study on effect of dispersed generator capacity on power system protection”, Proceeding of the IEEE/PES, pp. 1–6, Tampa, FL, USA, June 2007.

[11] S.Chaitusaney, A.Yokoyama,“Prevention of reliability degradationfrom recloser-fuse miscoordination due to distributed generation”, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 2545–2554, Oct. 2008.

[12] A. Farzanehfard, S.A.M. Javadian, S.M.T. Bathaee, M.-R.Haghifam, “Maintaining the recloser-fuse coordination in distributionsystems in presence of dg by determining dg’s size”, Proceeding of the IEEE/DPSP, pp. 124–129, Glasgow, UK, March 2008.

[13] S.H. Lim, J.C. Kim, “Analysis on protection coordination of protective devices with a SFCL due to the application location of a dispersed generation in a power distribution system”, IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 22, No. 3. June 2012.

[14] H. Yamaguchi, T. Kataoka, “Current limiting characteristics of transformer type superconducting fault current limiter with shunt impedance and inductive load”, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 2545–2554, Oct. 2008.

[15] Y. Zhang, R.A. Dougal, “Novel dual-FCL connection for adding distributed generation to a power distribution utility,” IEEE Trans. on Applied Supercond., Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 2179–2183, Jun. 2011.

[16] A. Elmitwally, E. Gouda, S. Eladawy, “Restoring recloser-fuse coordination by optimal fault current limiters planning in DG-integrated distribution systems’, International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, Vol. 77, pp. 9-18, May 2016.

[17] H.B. Funmilayo, K.L. Buyler-Purry, “An approach to mitigate the impact of distributed generation on the overcurrent protection scheme for radial feeders”, Proceeding of the IEEE/,PSCE, pp. 1–11, Seattle, WA, USA, March 2009.

[18] D. Uthitsunthorn, T. Kulworawanichpong, “Distance protection of a renewable energy plant in electric power distribution systems”, Proceeding of the IEEE/powercon, pp. 1–4, 2010, Hangzhou, China, Oct. 2010.

[19] F.A. Viawan, D. Karlsson, A. Sannino, J. Daalde, “Protection scheme for meshed distribution systems with high penetration of distributed generation”, Proceeding IEEE/PSAMP, pp. 99-104, Clemson, SC, USA, March 2006.

[20] I.M. Chilvers, N. Jenkins, P.A. Crossley, “The use of 11 kV distanceprotection to increase generation connected to the distribution network”, Proceeding of the IEEE/ICDPSP, Amsterdam, Netherlands, April 2004.

[22] IEEE 929, IEEE Recommended practice for utility interface of photovoltaic (PV) systems, 2000.

[23] IEEE Standard inverse-time characteristic equations for over-current relays, IEEE Standard C37, 112, 1996.

[24] A.F. Naiem, Y. Hegazy, A.Y.Abdelaziz, M. A. Elsharkawy, “A classification technique for recloser-fuse coordination in distribution systems with distributed generation”, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 176-185, Jan. 2012.

[25] B. Hussain, S.M. Sharkh, S. Hussain,  S. Hussain  M. A. Abusara, “An adaptive relaying scheme for fuse saving in distribution networks with distributed generation”, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 669-677, April 2013.

[26] ANSI Standard for Voltage Ratings in Electric Power Systems and Equipment, ANSI C84.1-2006.